Selected, peer-reviewed scientific publications on the above topics (since 2011):

Ritter, E., Amin, R., Cahn, K. & J. Lee (2019). Against common assumptions: the world’s shark bite rates are decreasing. Journal of Marine Biology. In press.

Ritter, E. & R. Amin (2019). Mating scars among sharks: evidence of coercive mating? Acta Ethologica. 22(1), 9-16.

Ritter, E. & A. Munoz (2018). How to kill another shark: A first inside look at a potential hunting strategy of a Galapagos shark. Open Fish Science Journal. 11(1).

Ritter, E. (2018). The relationship between digestive gases and buoyancy in sharks. Journal of Behavior. In press.

Ritter, E., & A. Dellios (2018). On the separation mechanism between a shark's tooth and its jaw base, with special emphasis on an observation made from a white shark, Carcharodon carcharias. Open Journal of Animal Sciences. 8(3), 329.

Amin, R., Ritter, E. & B. Bonell (2018). Shark bite rates along the US Gulf coast: a first investigation. Environmental Sciences. 6(1), 1-12.

Isci, E. T. & E. Ritter (2018). On the complexity of shark bite wounds: from associated bacteria to trauma management and wound repair. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 85(2), 398-405.

Isci, E. T. & E. Ritter (2017). Comment on clinical features of 27 shark attack cases on La Reunion Island. Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery. 83(6), 1216.

Ritter, E. & R. Amin (2017). The importance of academic research in the field of shark-human interactions: A three-pronged approach to a better understanding of shark encounters. In: Chondrichthyes. L. F. da Silva Rodrigues Filho and J. B. de Luna Sales (eds). InTech, Rijeka, Croatia, 63-80.

Amin, R., Ritter, E., Kulldorf, M., Barbas, A. & M. Schwarzmeier (2016). Sharksuckers, Echeneis naucrates, are non-randomly attached to the bodies of lemon sharks, Negaprion brevirostris: A spatial study. Environmental Sciences, 4 (1), 79–93.

Ritter, E.K. & A. Quester (2016). Do white shark bites on surfers reflect their attack strategies on pinnipeds? Journal of Marine Biology,

Ritter, E.K. & R. Amin (2016). Mouth cleaning of lemon sharks. Negaprion brevirostris, by sharksuckers, Echeneis naucrates. Copeia, 104(3), 728–733.

Ritter, E.K. & R. Amin (2015). A study of stealth behavior in the proximity of divers. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, 5 (2), 224-228.

Ritter, E. K.  & F. Vargas (2015). On mating behavior of the blotched fantail ray, Taeniura meyeni. Environmental Sciences,

Levine, M., Collier, R.S., Ritter, E., Fouda, M. & V. Canabal (2014). Shark cognition and a human mediated driver of a spate of shark attacks. Open Journal of Animal Sciences, doi: 10.4236/ojas.2014.45033.

Unger, R., Ritter, E., Osiyemi, O. & J. Goodman (2014). Antibiotic susceptibilities of bacteria isolated within the oral flora of Florida blacktip sharks: guidance for empiric antibiotic therapy. PlosOne. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104577.

Amin, R., Ritter, E. & A. Wetzel (2014). An Estimation of Shark Attack Risk for the North and South Carolina Coast Line. Journal of Coastal Research, 31(5), 1253-1259.

Bentz, J., Dearden, P., Ritter, E. & H. Calado (2014). Shark diving in the Azores: Challenge and Opportunity.  Tourism in Marine Environments, 10, 71-83.

Ritter, E. (2014). Coasting of pelagic thresher sharks, Alopias pelagicus, in comparison to two other species of the same ecomorphotype, and the limitation of video capturing in natural settings. Environmental Science, 2(1), 13-23.

Ritter, E. & R. Amin (2014). Are Caribbean reef sharks, Carcharhinus perezi, able to perceive human body orientation? Animal Cognition, 17, 745–753.

Ritter, E. & L. J. V. Compagno (2013). First record of a smalltooth sandtiger shark, Odontaspis ferox (Risso, 1910), from the Galápagos Islands. Marine Biodiv. Records. doi:10.1017/S1755267213001115; Vol. 6; e130;

Ritter, E., Amin, R. & A. Zambesi (2013). Do lunar cycles influence shark attacks? Open Fish Science Journal, 6, 71-74.

Amin, R., Ritter, E. & L. Cossette (2013). An investigation of shark density and attack rates in California. Journal of Environmental Ecology,

Ritter, E. & L. V. C. Compagno (2013). Clasper flaring: maintenance behavior, or a normally hidden feature of male whitetip reef sharks, Triaenodon obesus? Open Fish Science Journal, 6, 10-12.

Amin, R, Ritter, E. & P. Kennedy (2012). A geospatial analysis of shark attack rates for the  East Coast of Florida: 1994-2009.Marine and Freshwater Behaviour and Physiology, 45(3), 185-198.

Ritter, E. (2012). A rare use of a shark’s pectoral fin? Scooping off a sharksucker from the flank area. Open Fish Science Journal, 5,  57-59.

Ritter, E. & R. Amin (2011). Effect of human body position on the swimming behavior of bull sharks, Carcharhinus leucas. Animal and Society, 20, 225-235.

Ritter, E. (2011). Use of sand ripples to enhance chafing in Caribbean reef sharks (Carcharhinus perezi) and blacktip shark (C. limbatus). Bulletin of Marine Science, 87(3), 413-419.